The case of blood in urine is medically termed as Haematuria. Though haematuria is a common phenomenon, the case must not be neglected. In most cases there may not be any serious causes but it is safe to get your urine examined if you find blood in it. Haematuria may be classified as macroscopic in which you find that the urine is discolored and microscopic where the blood may not be visible but can be found only through a microscopic examination. It could be painless or painful, and may be classified as post-glomerular and glomerular by its origin. Present day haematuria investigation has been made easy due to the advent of flexible cystoscopy, where an affected patient can be assessed quickly by following an easy and simple local anesthetic out-patient procedure.

Causes for blood in female urine could include some inflammation or infection affecting the filtering units in the kidney. A blockage in the urinary duct or the bladder due to the formation of stones, a case of high blood pressure, an abnormal renal functioning, formation of cysts, tumors or stones can also bring about the condition of blood in female urine. Even if the urinary bladder gets infected due to cystitis, and if stones or tumors are formed in the bladder, then haematuria is the resulting phenomenon. Apart from renal tumors and stones the other causes for haematuria are glomerulonephritis (a condition associated with microscopic haematuria in which cause pain and also show some symptoms of renal failure), an ascending bacterial infection in the urinary tract, papillary necrosis (a case common in diabetics and in persons with sickle cell anemia), stones in urethra and cystitis. In some rare cases haematuria could also be the result of tuberculosis, arterial and venous malformations and arteritis.

In investigating a the causes for blood in female urine, a common physical examination that includes pulse, blood pressure and the gynecological organs is made. Urine analysis is made microscopically to detect the presence of any white and red blood cells as well as bacteria. The presence of any parasites, ova or crystals is noted and the level of protein in urine is also determined. Blood tests are also conducted for measuring the levels of albumin, calcium, serum, electrolyte and urea in it. In case of negative results in the above tests an ultrasound or a CT scan could also be made. A patient suffering from any malfunction of liver or kidneys can be ascertained by such analyzes.

Whatever may be the reasons for blood in female urine, do not panic all of a sudden. If you can remember some of the heartening facts about haematuria, you will certainly have courage to recover from one.

  • The very incidence of haematuria may not always be a frightening thing.
  • In most cases it is not persistent and occurs only during a sharp pain in knee when kneeling urine infection.
  • Sometimes the dark coloration of your urine could be due to medicines and foods that you take in; you must not always associate it with haematuria.
  • It could occur following some strenuous exercise.
  • There is no harm in getting your urine analyzed even during a menstrual period.